Indicates one of seven grade levels, from Kindergarten to grade 6 in the American school system
Indicates the genre of the book, such as Science, Social Studies, Fiction, Folktale, Biography, etc
The ability to understand the meaning and message of the text as a way to understand the story
Refers to the technical skills or strategies needed at each stage of reading
Refers to the level of a book within one grade level, classified according to the difficulty of words, sentences, and length of the text, in the following order: Below > On(ELL) > Voca > Above(Advanced)
YBM Reading Farm Level
A grade equivalence index that divides the seven American grade levels, from K (kindergarten) to grade 6, into 10 levels according to the reading ZPD (Zone of Proximal Development)
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is an international standard for describing language ability. It describes language ability on a six-point scale, from A1 for beginners, up to C2 for those who have mastered a language. The levels are defined through ‘can-do’ descriptors. This makes it easy for anyone involved in language teaching and testing, such as teachers or learners, to see the level of different qualifications.
GRL (Guided Reading Level)
The reading levels developed by scholars, Fountas and Pinnell, have been scientifically categorized based on parameters such as the total number of words used, the number of frequently used words, the length of sentences, the complexity of sentences, the repetition of words, and the use of illustrations. GRL provides the standard for classifying the level of storybooks with text and illustrations, and is used for classifying textbooks according to U.S. elementary school grade levels. Displayed alphabetically from A to Z, it goes from level A, which uses topic familiar to children, repeated patterns in the text, and illustrations to help students understand, to levels Y and Z, which include social and scientific subjects and stories with complex plots.
The total number of words in the book
Refers to the Developmental Reading Assessment Level, which identifies a student's level of reading capabilities, including accuracy, fluency, and comprehension.